The Facts, History & Rules of Lacrosse

300px-Ball_playersThe origins of lacrosse date way back to the 1600’s in Northern America. French explorers observed the Native Americans playing the game, however slightly differently to how we play today. The name Lacrosse identified the sport after French explorers noted how similar the sticks used to play were to the cross that a Bishop would carry (crosier). Before the French explorers gave the sport a name, it was known as “Baggataway”.

 10 crazy but true facts you probably never knew about Lacrosse!

  • Lacrosse is one of the fastest growing sports in the United States
  • Lacrosse is the fastest game to be played on two feet, that’s an accomplishment too!
  • The rules were originally created way back in 1794, when a tribal game between Seneca and Mohawks was played.
  • The original inventors of Lacrosse were Native Americans, however the details on how the game was played are a mystery.
  • The Native Americans are credited for setting the foundations of Lacrosse along with the French.
  • At some point in the 1800’s the French began to play Lacrosse.
  • Crazy fact of the day is Indian Lacrosse was played with big numbers from hundreds to thousands of players!
  • In 1890, the first women’s lacrosse game was played in Scotland.
  • Bizarre but true! In summer 1763, a game of Lacrosse was played by two tribes to distract British soldiers to recapture Fort Michilimackinac.
  • Believe it or not, the game was originally used to toughen up young men for war!

The Rules and Regulations

  • Each team in men’s Lacrosse has 10 players, three attack men, three mid-fielders, three defensemen and a goalie.
  • Women’s Lacrosse rules and field dimensions are different from men’s. Each team has 12 players, usually three midfielders, four attack, four defence and a goalie.
  • The field is 60 yards wide and 110 yards long.
  • The ball is kept in play by being carried, batted or thrown with the crosse.
  • The ball cannot be touched by the hand, expect by the goalie.
  • At each goal, a plainly marked circle must be marked which is known as a crease. This circle should be marked using a mid-point of the goal line as the centre and drawing a circle around that point with a radius of 9ft.


Orienteering Tips & Hints

Orienteering Tips & Hints

Orienteering-essexOrienteering is an outdoor adventure sport for all ages no matter how young, old or fit you are and involves walking or running, all at your own pace of course, while using map reading skills to navigate your way around a course. The aim of the sport is to successfully navigate around the course in the quickest time possible.

Taking place almost anywhere you can imagine, from the concrete jungle to the countryside and anywhere in between. Orienteering can be an awesome sport for many people, weather you just love to be outside or even if you’re just bored of the current TV schedule.

Beginners Tips

To help the newcomers along, here’s few TC top tips to get you on your way (Was that a pun?).

  1. Folding the map – To help you navigate, fold your map so that you can easily see where you are.
  2. Orientation – Much like a satnav, always keep your map facing the correct way. For example, the features on the ground in front of you are also in front of you on the map, makes sense right? You can also use a compass to orientate your map, making sure that the north lines on the map are pointing the same way as the compass needle. Remember each time you change direction to rotate the map to the direction you are facing. Top tip!
  3. Thumb the map – Yep, that sounds odd, but it helps to keep track of where you are at all times on your map, loose where you are and this could cost you time! Remember to mark your position on the map using your thumb or mark a check point or feature where you can check your position.
  4. Checking the control card – When you have found a control, you should check the code matches your description sheet. It is also wise to check the control is located at the correct feature on your map, that way you will know you have reached the correct control.
  5. Have fun! – Last but not least, enjoy yourself and have fun!

What is a control?

orienteering_controlHopefully our beginners tips have set you on your way to an amazing day (Yeah… that was another pun). But what exactly is a control? Controls are provided along with a control description sheet which tells you exactly what you’re looking for. When you locate the control, you will see a code of letters or numbers which should match those on your control description sheet. If you have found the correct control and the code matches your description sheet, you’re in the right place!


You don’t need much equipment to start orienteering. Simply bring yourself, along with some comfortable and suitable clothing. Remember, the weather may not be great and if you are caught in a rain shower without any waterproofs it could ruin your day. It is advisable to also wear full leg cover. Other equipment should be available to buy or hire.

  1. Electronic cards – A gadget used to confirm you have visited all controls in the correct order.
  2. Compass – As you progress, you will need a compass.